Author Guidelines

The following information is intended to help authors prepare manuscripts for submission. Authors should closely adhere to word limits and style guidelines to avoid having their manuscript returned during the primary editor’s pre-review process.

Word Limits

TIA typically publishes work upto 7,000 words inclusive of all sections of the Manuscript, excluding references. Author Information does not count toward word limits. In some unique cases, for example with special issues, word limits may be adjusted up or down, and this will be made clear in the call for manuscripts.

Style Guidelines

The style guidelines are intended to help ensure the integrity of the blind peer-review process, to establish a consistent expectation for reviewers, and to ultimately speed up the final publication process. 

Each submission should include two files: 1) manuscript and 2) author information. They should be named manuscript and author_information .


The manuscript file should include five main sections in this order: title, abstract, keyword(s), body text, references. The title, abstract, and keyword(s) should be on the first page. The body text should begin on a new page. Figures and tables should be placed in-text where they are first introduced. Optional appendices containing supplementary materials should come after the references. To aid the review process, page numbers should be added to the footer, right-justified. Specific style guideline for each specific section of the manuscript follows:


  • The title should be on a line by itself, left-justified, and sentence case.
  • No author or institutional information should be included on the title page.


  • This section should immediately follow the title.
  • The word “Abstract” should be bolded and left-justified on a line by itself.
  • The text of the abstract should be left-justified (not bolded or italicized).
  • The abstract should be between 100-250 words.
  • Example:


Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.


  • This section should immediately follow the abstract and should include 3-4 keywords.
  • The word Keywords should be bolded, left-justified, and followed by a colon and comma-separated keywords.
  • The comma-separated keywords should be lowercase, except when proper nouns or acronyms.
  • Do not add any punctuation at the end of the keyword list.
  • Example:

Keywords: lorem ipsum, quis nostrud, officia deserunt

Body Text

  • Start the body of the manuscript at the top of page 2.
  • Left-justify text.
  • Do not add paragraph indentations.
  • Section labels, lists, quotes, citations, and other manuscript elements should adhere to the most current APA style guide. [LINK]
  • Depending on methodology, 1st or 3rd person is appropriate. In most instances, active voice is preferred for reader engagement. 


  • In most cases, this will be the last section of your manuscript. Start the section on a new page and label it References .
  • Ensure that every reference is cited in the body of the manuscript and all in-text citations are in the references.
  • You do not need to blind references to your own work unless the accompanying text identifies it as yours; e.g. “In our previous work…” or “In an earlier study, we found…”
  • Use the most current APA style guide to format in-text citations and references.


  • Place all supplementary materials (e.g. survey instruments; additional data) in appendices.
  • Label and title each appendix (e.g. Appendix A . Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.; Appendix B . Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.) and place them at the end of the manuscript.

Tables, Figures, Images

  • Place all tables, figures, and images within the body of the manuscript following the location where they are first mentioned.
  • Format all tables, figures and images according to the most recent APA style guide.

Author Information

The author_information file should include four sections in this order: 

  1. Author List
  2. Biography
  3. Acknowledgements
  4. Conflict of Interest Statement

Specific style guidelines for each section follows:

Author List

  • Author name(s) should be left-justified, italicized, and comma-separated. For multi-author manuscripts, the last name in the list should be connected with “and”. If preferred, include middle initials punctuated with periods.
  • Do not include professional titles or affiliations. These should only appear in the Biography section (see below).
  • There is no predefined order for author names. You may alphabetize them by last name, list them according to contribution, or adopt some other organizing scheme. The corresponding author should be noted with an asterisk, and contact information should be provided for this author below the author list.
  • Example:

Leisha E. Williams, José Escobar-Vega*, and Muhammad Ahmad

*Corresponding author. Email:


  • This section should be labeled Biography (or Biographies when multiple authors) and come immediately after the author list.
  • Each biography should be between 50-75 words.
  • Begin each biography with the author’s name, followed immediately by their professional title and affiliation.
  • Each author’s name should be bolded.
  • Example:

Leisha E. Williams is Professor of X at University Y. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.

Acknowledgments (optional)

  • When present, this section should be labeled Acknowledgements and come after the biography(-ies) section. 
  • Acknowledgements name individuals or groups that contributed to the work but who are not authors.

Conflict of Interest Statement 

  • All submissions should include a Conflict of Interest Statement following the Acknowledgements section.
  • When conflicts of interest exist, authors should include a brief statement describing the conflict. If there is no conflict of interest, authors should state “The authors have no conflict of interest”. See Avoiding & Disclosing Conflicts of Interest for examples.

Data availability (for research manuscripts only)

  • All submissions that include data should have a Data Availability statement that comes after the Conflict of Interest statement. 
  • Authors can choose one of the following statements to include in this section:

    • The data reported in this manuscript are publically available at [provide name and weblink].
    • The data reported in this manuscript are available in the article’s Supplemental Materials. Note: Data included in the manuscript is subject to the journal’s word count limit [LINK: Submissions/Author Guidelines/Word Limits ] .
    • The data reported in this manuscript are available on request by contacting the corresponding author.
  • See Ensuring Data Access to understand reasons for making your data available.